1) Mowing/removing riparian vegetation
Grass alone provides little streambank protection, and does not provide any habitat or much overland stormwater filtration
Referred to as “rip-rap,” rocks and concrete not only transfer the destructive energy of fast-moving water to another location, but also eventually get undermined, and are only a short term solution.
3) Cows/livestock in the creek
Besides loading the stream with fecal material, hooves destroy stream banks and in-stream habitat
4) Dredging the creek with a backhoe
“Straightening” or “ditching” streams increases sediment in the stream and destroys habitat for fish, salamanders, and stream insects.
5) Planting exotics (e.g. English ivy) or plants that aren’t appropriate for the site (e.g. marigolds).
- privet, mimosa, honeysuckle, chinese wisteria, princess tree, multiflora rose